The wOBA (weighted On-Base Average) is a statistic used in Major League Baseball to measure a player’s overall offensive contributions. It is seen as a better measure of a player’s offensive value than the traditional batting average because it takes into account all aspects of offense, such as walks, hit-by-pitches, and extra base hits. It is also used to compare players from different eras, since it is adjusted for the changing offensive environment over time. But how is the wOBA scale calculated?

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## Baseball Statistics

Before we can understand the wOBA scale, we must first understand the various baseball statistics that are taken into account. The most basic statistic is batting average, which is calculated by dividing the number of hits by the total number of at-bats. This statistic does not take into account walks, hit-by-pitches, or extra base hits, which are all important elements of offense.

## On-Base Percentage

To account for these elements of offense, we use the on-base percentage (OBP) statistic. This statistic is calculated by dividing the total number of times a player reaches base (hits, walks, and hit-by-pitches) by the total number of plate appearances (at-bats, walks, and hit-by-pitches). This statistic is better than batting average, but it still does not take into account extra base hits.

## Slugging Percentage

The slugging percentage (SLG) statistic is used to measure a player’s power. It is calculated by dividing the total number of bases a player earns (singles, doubles, triples, and home runs) by the total number of at-bats. This statistic does not take into account walks, hit-by-pitches, or extra base hits.

## Weighted On-Base Average

To take into account all aspects of offense, the weighted On-Base Average (wOBA) statistic was developed. This statistic combines all the above statistics into one overall measure of offensive value. It is calculated by assigning each type of offensive event (e.g. single, double, walk, etc.) a certain weight and then summing up all the weights to get the wOBA.

## Calculating Specific Weights

The wOBA calculation begins with assigning each type of offensive event a certain weight. This weight is based on the number of expected runs each event produces. For example, a single is assigned a weight of .90, a double is assigned a weight of 1.24, a triple is assigned a weight of 1.56, and a home run is assigned a weight of 1.95.

These weights are based on the run expectancy matrix, which is a table that shows the average number of runs scored in a given situation. The weights are calculated by dividing the expected runs for a certain situation by the average number of runs per plate appearance (which is 0.50).

For example, a single is expected to produce 0.47 runs, so its weight is calculated by dividing 0.47 by 0.50 (the average number of runs per plate appearance), which equals 0.90.

## Adding Up the Weights

Once the weights are assigned to each type of offensive event, they are added up to get the wOBA. This is done by multiplying the number of each event by its respective weight and then summing up all the products. For example, if a player had 20 singles, 10 doubles, 5 triples, and 3 home runs, the wOBA would be calculated as follows:

## 20 singles x .90 = 18

### 10 doubles x 1.24 = 12.4
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### 5 triples x 1.56 = 7.8
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### 3 home runs x 1.95 = 5.85
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### Total wOBA = 18 + 12.4 + 7.8 + 5.85 = 44.05
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### Conclusion
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### 5 triples x 1.56 = 7.8
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### 3 home runs x 1.95 = 5.85
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### Total wOBA = 18 + 12.4 + 7.8 + 5.85 = 44.05
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### Conclusion
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### 3 home runs x 1.95 = 5.85
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### Total wOBA = 18 + 12.4 + 7.8 + 5.85 = 44.05
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### Conclusion
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### Total wOBA = 18 + 12.4 + 7.8 + 5.85 = 44.05
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### Conclusion
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### Conclusion
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The wOBA scale is an important statistic used to measure a player’s overall offensive contributions. It takes into account all aspects of offense, such as walks, hit-by-pitches, and extra base hits, and is adjusted for the changing offensive environment over time. The wOBA is calculated by assigning each type of offensive event a certain weight and then summing up all the weights. By understanding how the wOBA scale is calculated, baseball fans and analysts will be able to better evaluate a player’s offensive value.